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Ikhfa Letters In Arabic

Web Quran Academy
Ikhfa Letters In Arabic


When reading the Quran, there are a number of things to keep in mind, one of which is the Ikhfa Letters. Ikhfa implies stowing away or covering in Arabic, and these letters cover sounds inside the recitation. In the Arabic alphabet, Qaf ق, Noon ن, Haa  ه , and Ghunna غ are the four letters that are referred to as Ikhfa letters. Let's take a look at the specific rules and guidelines for each of these letters that must be followed when they are used.

Importance Of Tajweed

The Tajweed rules ensure that the Quran is read correctly, with the appropriate emphasis on the appropriate syllables. This is essential not only for comprehending the Quran but also for correctly reciting it during prayer. There are guidelines for how many ikhfa letters can be read consecutively and which ones should be emphasized. When a word contains multiple ikhfa letters, there are also specific rules for reading tajweed. We can be sure that we are reading the Quran correctly and giving it the attention it deserves by adhering to these guidelines.

Tajweed History

Tajweed is the art and science of saying the Quran correctly. The Arabic root j-w-d, which means to improve or make better, is the source of the word tajweed. Tajweed is frequently referred to as the guidelines for reading the Quran. But it's important to remember that tajweed is more than just a set of strict rules; rather, it serves as a guide for readers to better comprehend and appreciate the Quran. When reading aloud with Ikhfaa, there are some fundamental guidelines to follow:

  1.  Ikhfaa' will always be pronounced in between Noon As-Sakinah and Tanween.
  2.  Any of the 15 letters in Ikhfaa' that occur after Tanween or Noon As-Sakinah will also have Ikhfaa'.
  3.  The sound is thought to originate between Ith'har and Idghaam with Ghunna.

What are Ikhfa letters?

A type of Arabic letter known as an ikhfa has specific pronunciation rules. Heavy ikhfa letters are regarded as these ones. Compared to other letters, they are typically pronounced with a heavier sound. There are a total of 15 heavy ikhfa letters, and when they appear after Noon As-Sakinah or Tanween, they are typically read with a particular inflection. Additionally, the sound of these letters can shift from Ith'har to Idghaam when Ghunna is present. Last but not least, Ikhfa letters typically span two Harakah.

What is Ikhfa in the Quran?

In Arabic, ikhfa refers to concealing something. When reciting the Quran, it is one of the Tajweed rules to keep in mind. The noon sound is not produced when a noon sakinah or tanween is followed by an ikhfa letter. Instead, the tongue is held in place for a minute before the ghunna sound, which is similar to the humming sound heard when repeating something, is made. You need to practice this. As if we were saying noon, many of us say ghunna with the tip of our tongue on our front teeth.

Importance Of Ikhfa letters

The Arabic language has 15 ikhfa letters, each of which has its own pronunciation rules. Because they can alter the meaning of a word if they are not pronounced correctly, these letters are very important. For instance, depending on how the ikhfa letter is pronounced, the word "kaaf" can mean either "cover" or "monkey."As a result, mastering the correct pronunciation of these letters is critical.


What are the Ikhfa letters?

The letters concerning Ikhfa' incorporate fifteen. After the letters Izh-har, Idgham, and Iqlab have been removed from the Arabic alphabet, those letters represent the remaining letters. The nun sakinah can be found in one or more words, whereas the tanween can only be found in two.

The Main Purpose of Tajweed

Every word in the Quran is spoken by Allah, and the Quran is his word. Its recitation ought to be offered extraordinary consideration. Tajweed essentially aims to improve the reciter's ability to recite the Quran while noting the various rules and applications that apply to it and adhering to the exact pronunciation of each letter. The receiver will be able to recite the Quran in the same manner as the Prophet Muhammad, Peace Be Upon Him.

A Makhraj is a letter in Arabic. It's basically an exit or an articulation point, depending on your definition. Additionally, the Arabic letter Sifaat stands for characteristics or attributes. Being able to read Arabic requires knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter. Stirring up two letters, similar to 'i' and 'h', is simple on the off chance that the individual doesn't have a clue about the qualities of each letter. Therefore, it is essential for those reciting the Quran to familiarize themselves with the various characteristics of each letter. When reciting the Quran, the reciter is prevented from making mistakes by adhering to the Tajweed rules.

Reading the Quran With Tajweed

The correct pronunciation of the Quran will touch the hearts of those who listen to it, which is why Tajweed is so significant. Therefore, read carefully to understand the verses' meaning and how to apply the rules and instructions to your daily life.  The Tajweed is vital in light of the fact that, without it, perusers may accidentally change the importance of the text.


There are two parts to Tajweed: the practical and the scientific. To learn Tajweed, you should initially figure out these two sections. To pass on specific Tajweed rules, at least some Muslims must be familiar with them. You will learn the phonetic rules for correctly reading, reciting, and interpreting the Quran in the practical.


Is It Okay If You Read The Holy Quran Without Following Tajweed Rules?

No, reading the Quran without Tajweed is not acceptable. The reason for this is that properly reading and comprehending the Quran requires Tajweed. In addition, Tajweed enables you to correctly pronounce Allah's words.

When reading the Holy Quran, there are numerous guidelines to follow, including Tajweed guidelines. The ikhfa haqiqi letters, for instance, must be pronounced precisely. In addition, the length of the ikhfa letters cannot be increased unless they are preceded by a hamzah or madd letter.

When reading the Quran, it is absolutely necessary to learn and adhere to the Tajweed rules.