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Heavy Letters In Arabic

Web Quran Academy
Heavy Letters In Arabic

Each letter in the Arabic alphabet has both heavy and light sounds. The number of Arabic's heavy letters may be a mystery to novices. Well, there are seven heavy letters all together, including (خ ص ض غ ط ق ظ).The word "خص ضغط قظ" can be made by combining these letters. However, there is no meaning to this word. Just to make it easier to remember the heavy Arabic tajweed letters. Because it contains all Arabic's heavy letters, we use this word.

The heaviness or lightness of the letters is one of the most important topics that every reader must pay attention to while reading Tajweed. The amount of effort required to correctly pronounce a letter is reflected in its heaviness.When reading the Quran, this is one of the fundamental Tajweed rules that every reader must follow.Heavy letters are referred to as Tafkheem, while light letters are referred to as Tarqeeq.

What Are Heavy Letters?

As is common knowledge, the Arabic alphabet consists of two categories of letters: light and heavy. The amount of air exhaled when pronouncing a letter determines its heaviness and lightness.

A full mouth is used to pronounce heavy letters, whereas a less open mouth is used to pronounce light letters .When words are pronounced incorrectly, this distinction can alter their meaning, making it an important distinction.For instance, the word "man" is pronounced  رجل"rajul."However, the meaning will change to "foot" if the first letter is pronounced as a light letter.

Arabic has numerous examples of heavy letters. They will inform you that incorrect pronunciation can alter a word's meaning. Knowing the difference between Arabic's heavy and light letters is crucial for this reason.

Why Are Heavy Letters So Important?

In Tajweed, it is important to distinguish between full mouth, heavy Arabic letters and light Arabic letters. This is because it alters the words' meaning. For instance, depending on whether the letter "ك" is read as a heavy or light one, the word  كتاب"book" will be pronounced differently. A full mouth is used to pronounce a heavy letter, while a lighter mouth is used to pronounce a light letter. Additionally, some letters can be either light or heavy, depending on the situation.


The term "fattening" refers to tafkheem. In most cases, the reverberation fills the mouth as a weight penetrates the letter's body. The method for making a letter with the tafkheem feature is to raise the posterior tongue to the roof of the mouth. The goal is to extend the distance between the bottom and the roof of the mouth. Also, pay attention to how hard the letter is hitting your roof of the mouth.

Degrees of Tafkheem Cairo

There are 5 degrees in Tafkheem Cairo. The following degrees will be mentioned right now:

  •         The first degree begins with a heavy letter followed by an alif and a fatha.
  •         The second degree is a fatha with a heavy letter.
  •         Dhamma is heavy in the third degree.
  •         The fourth degree is represented by a heavy letter with a kasra.
  •         The fifth degree is represented by a heavy letter with a sukoon.


Additionally, there are five degrees in Damascus. These degrees will be discussed as follows:

  •  Fatha adorned with a first-degree alif.
  •  Fatha alone is the second degree.
  •  Dhamma alone is the third degree.
  •  The sound of Sukoon in the fourth degree is independent of the vowel before it.
  •  Kasra is known as the fifth degree.

The Rules of Alif Maddiyyah

The alif complies with the letter's heaviness and lightness guidelines.

The Rules of Laam

Two conditions must be satisfied before laam can be made heavy. The first is that the laam takes place in Lafdh ul Jalalah.The second is that it should precede a fatha or dhamma. The dhamma or fathas might last forever. Otherwise, they might occur when two sukoons are not joined together.

The Rules of Ra Heavy

Ra Heavy has a variety of rules.The following rules of Ra will be discussed right now:

  • if there is a fatha.
  • if it has dhamma in it.
  • If, in the same word, a fatha or dhamma precedes the ra and has a permanent sukoon.
  • If the ra preceded a permanent kasra and a permanent sukoon in the same word. Nonetheless, a lengthy letter follows.
  • If it has a permanent sukoon but the kasra is in the preceding word, the ra will also be heavy.
  • If the ra has a permanent sukoon but its temporary kasra came before it, it will also be heavy.
  • If a temporary sukoon is preceded by a fatha, dhamma, alif, or wow madiyyah, the ra will be heavy.
  • If another letter with sukoon precedes the ra and has a temporary sukoon, we will examine that letter. If that letter contains a fatha or dhamma, the ra will be heavy.

The Rules of Ra Light

Ra Light has a variety of rules. The following rules of Ra will be discussed right now:

  • The kasra is in Ra.
  • The ra has a sukoon that stays put.Additionally, in the same word, it begins with a kasra and ends with no heavy letter.
  • In the same word, the ra is followed by a kasra, which has a brief sukoon.
  • A ya sakinah precedes the ra, and a brief sukoon follows.
  • If another letter with sukoon precedes the ra and has a temporary sukoon, we will examine that letter.The Ra will be light if that letter contains a kasra.
  • The word kasra precedes the ra, which has a sukoon that lasts forever. The heavy letter follows it in the word that comes after it.

What Are Light Letters in Arabic?

In Arabic, light letters are those that are pronounced lightly, like with the tip of the tongue. Hamza, fatha, kasra, and lam are among them. However, heavy letters are those that must be pronounced with the entire mouth. In proper Tajweed, it is important to distinguish between the two.


Thinness is a characteristic of tarqeeq. In most cases, thinness enters the body of the letter, preventing its resonance from reaching the mouth.

The Arabic alphabet consistently produces a light sound for every other letter. As a result, as long as you remember the seven heavy letters and a few rules for the other letters, everything else can be pronounced as light letters.

Heavy and light letters with Fathah

When the short vowel is placed on top of certain letters, they make what is known as a light sound. We now know that when a fathah is added to a letter, it sounds like the English letter "a" in the word "apple."The sound of "a" can be heard in most letters that start with "fathah," but there are some that sound heavy. As a consequence of this, rather than producing the letter "a," the "A" sound is produced when fathah is added to those letters.

Some Points To Remember About Heavy Letters

When it comes to heavy letters, there are a few things you should keep in mind. Every one of these weighty letter focuses has its own significance. If you would rather not commit errors while discussing or retaining Quran then, at that point, read out these focuses.

If you make light or heavy letters heavy, you are altering the meaning of the Quran.

When Allah's name is followed by the letters "فتحة or ضمة" we pronounce the word "lam" as a heavy letter.

Pronunciating any letter without pouting will give the impression that it is heavy.

You must raise the part of your tongue that is the deepest.

To pronounce any letter, raise your tongue to its fullest position.

Because it appears before the letter "كسرة" in the name of Allah, we must pronounce this lam as light.

How To Pronounce Heavy Letters In Arabic?

Most of the time, beginners wonder how to pronounce Arabic's heavy letters. Well, all you have to do to get the answer is press on the heavy letters. You must use your full mouth to apply pressure to the heavy letters while reciting. Additionally, remember the guidelines for heavy letters. Do not make the mistake of pressing down on the light letters. If you don't, you'll make them heavy, which could change the meaning.

No problem if you're interested in learning how to pronounce Arabic's heavy letters. You can get in touch with any well-known Quran tutor or academy. They will teach you the fundamental Arabic rules and regulations for heavy letters. You will be reading the Quran in its entirety this way.